Termite Infestations' Prevention and Treatment
There is a high diversity of termite species in the tropics of the Asia Pacific region. They have an important role of decomposition in the forest region but can be a menace in everyday life when they infest buildings and cause major economic losses if pest control measures have not been put to place. There are three groups of termites; the subterranean, which depends on soil and forage under mud tubes, the damp-wood which feeds on decaying wood and the dry-wood, which does not depend on soil moisture. The Subterranean termite is the worst structural termite pest among the three groups followed by the dry wood termites.
Termites infest specific areas of buildings, mostly, doors and window frames, wooden floors, bathrooms, roofs and ceilings, skirting and baseboard areas and built in cabinets. Termite infestation is normally detected after a lot of damage has already been done because of their camouflaged behaviour. A common sign of the infestation is mud tubes on the area that has been infested. Termite infestation causes much damage on buildings, furniture and underground cables resulting in much economic losses and high risks of accidents in the buildings around the globe and especially in Singapore. This calls for immediate application of termite control measures in areas most prone to the attacks.
To prevent termite infestation, it is advised that gardens should be kept as far away from the residence as possible as this could ease the access of garden termites to the timber inside the house. Termites are attracted to humid areas, thus any water leaks in the house, and water accumulation below the exterior of the house should be prevented as a measure of termite control. Extreme caution should be taken while making timber additions to the house and one should ensure the use of treated timber especially if it will come into contact with the soil. Constant monitoring of the yard and timber in the residence should be done for any signs of termites, and if possible, chemical and physical barriers should be places to prevent termites.
Termite infestation can be treated by placement of baits and barriers, fumigation and liquid treatment. Baits are set at the home, 3 feet from the foundation and about 10 feet apart. Baits have chemicals and may take up to months to kill the termites depending on the chemical type in the bait and the individual termite. Termite treatment by barriers involves making trenches around the building's foundation and pouring chemicals that kill termites into the soil that bar the termites from passing through prompting them to move to a different area. In liquid treatment, non repellent insecticides, that are not detectable by the termites are sprayed on affected areas and are also passed to the colonies by the termites themselves. In extreme infestation, fumigation is sought as a way of pest control where a tent is placed around the household and poison placed in cracks of the house killing the termites in at most 72 hours.
The best method to avoid the infestation of termites is prevention. However, after the confirmation of termite infestation, a corrective measure involving professional services is recommended. PestBusters is an ISO 9001, 14001 and OSHAS 18001 accredited pest control institution in Singapore that ensures that their clients get the best professional services at friendly prices. Termite control in prevention and also managing infestation is best done by a qualified professional.
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